Do you have a website and want to insert emojis in it in native HTML code? Inserting emojis is fun and easy in HTML. This article will discuss how to insert emojis into HTML in 2 different ways.
Step 0. Have Your HTML Encoded in UTF-8 Encoding
This step is required for both the following 2 different ways to insert emojis into HTML code. The World Wide Web Consortium, the group that sets HTML standards, highly recommends you encode your documents as UTF-8.
Basically, to do this, at the top of your HTML file, make sure you insert something like the following:
<head> <meta charset='utf-8'> </head>
Modern software like WordPress and Drupal do this by default, but if you are coding from scratch, you need to put this into your HTML File. I include this in our HTML5 boilerplate page. Forcing UTF-8 encoding in your HTML file is often essential to properly render emojis. For example, the emoji for ‘kissing face with closed eyes’ ? may actually be rendered as ðŸ˜š or other gibberish without UTF-8 encoding. Having
will force any browser to render your HTML code as UTF-8 encoding. This is good for at least 2 reasons:
- It is much, much easier to maintain text where what-you-see-is-what-you-get for a webmaster. If you are going to use HTML character escapes, which I discuss below, for all non-ASCII characters, it can get pretty unmaintainable pretty quickly. You are more likely to make typos or other errors using this method.
If you are writing text in a non-Western European language, like Chinese, for example writing 你好 in Chinese meaning hello, and want to use HTML character escape for every character you want to use, it can both make it a nightmare and make the code essentially unreadable for the webmaster.
Method #1. Insert The Emoji By Itself In The HTML Code
This way is certainly much easier and more modern than method number 2. Let’s say you want the grinning face emoji which is ?. You can just copy and paste that emoji into the HTML file.
Basically, for any given emoji, you just paste the emoji by itself in an HTML file. Here is a comprehensive list of every single emoji. Find your emoji, and then copy and paste the emoji icon into your HTML file. Remember, your HTML code must have UTF-8 encoding explicitly declared in the head, as mentioned before, otherwise your emoji might not be rendered properly.
Method #2. Insert The Emojis Using HTML Character Escapes
This is the older way to insert emojis, but still a useful way to insert them and possibly a more instructive way to do so. Unicode code point values exist for every Unicode value. Basically, Unicode code point values are what the creators/maintainers of Unicode use to give every Unicode character a unique representation for computers. Nearly every character from nearly every major language has a unique Unicode value. Emojis are also represented by Unicode code point values. For example, winking face ? has a Unicode code point value of U+1F609.
To convert the Unicode code point value into an HTML character escape, you will simply do the following:
- Find the Unicode code point value for the emoji you want to insert. Here is a comprehensive list of all emojis in Unicode and their corresponding Unicode code point values.
- Once you have the relevant code point value, copy it down, and delete the “U+” part
- Then put an ampersand hash
&#in front of the other parts of the Unicode code point value.
- Finally, at the end, put a semicolon
To convert Unicode value for ? (winking face) which has a Unicode code point value of U+1F609 into an HTML character escape so that you can see a grinning face in your HTML code, simply change U+1F609 to
Now for a quick explanation of what the code means. In HTML, anything beginning with a ‘&#’ and ending with a ‘;’ (both without the quotes) indicates a special character. And the ‘x’ part of the escape code indicates to the browser that what is to follow is hex code. Unicode point values are usually represented in hex code. It is a standard.
If you use Unicode encoding, you probably won’t have to use character escapes, but in HTML there are 5 characters you must escape. The characters you must use character escapes for are for ampersand &, greater-than sign >, less-than sign, <, quotation mark “, and apostrophe ‘.
Below are the corresponding escape codes:
<< (less-than sign)
>> (greater-than sign)
"” (quotation mark)
You must use escape codes for those 5 characters because ‘&’, ‘<‘, ‘>’, ‘”‘, and “‘”. have special meaning in HTML. This is just like data types such as int, float, etc., have special meaning in programming languages. If you don’t escape &, <, >, “, or ‘ in HTML code, and you mean to have them displayed as you see them, then you will probably get some kind of error, or the page won’t render properly.
Additional Notes For Rendering Emojis In HTML
Save Your Text Files and HTML Files In UTF-8 Encoding. Don’t Just Declare UTF-8 Encoding In The Head
Make sure that you save your HTML file in UTF-8 encoding. If you use Windows, Notepad and Wordpad may default to saving files in ASCII encoding, which we don’t want. Make sure you save the file in UTF-8 encoding otherwise non-ASCII characters, like emojis, might not render properly in the browser even if you have the header with UTF-8 encoding.
Not Every Emoji Is Supported In All Browsers Yet
While browsers continually get better as time goes on, and they support more and more emojis natively, older browsers might not support a specific or any emoji. Generally, I would use method #1 for newer browsers, but if you want better backwards compatibility, it might be better to use method #2.
For a much more in depth discussion about encodings etc, I highly recommend W3’s HTML character encodings in HTML and CSS tutorial here.
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